• Amazon deforestation 'at highest level in a decade'

    10,000 sq kms lost in year to August according to new data from Brazilian governmentDeforestation of the Brazilian Amazon has hit the highest annual level in a decade, according to new government data which highlights the impact the president, Jair Bolsonaro, has made on the world’s biggest rainforest.The new numbers, showing almost 10,000 sq kms were lost in the year to August, were released as emboldened farm owners scuffled with forest defenders in Altamira, the Amazonian city at the he
  • The Amazon: on the frontline of a global battle to tackle the climate crisis

    A diverse band of river communities, activists and academics are meeting in the heart of the rainforest to fight for the planet’s future On the six-hour boat ride down the Iriri river to Manolito, there is almost no other traffic and only a handful of small homes. At its widest and calmest, the vast expanse of water is a flawless mirror of blue sky and green canopy. At its narrowest and roughest, the water churns around boulders eroded into the shapes of battlements and breaching whales. P
  • Freed Brazilian ex-president Lula speaks to jubilant supporters

    Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva told a crowd of thousands that he did not have a ‘thirst for revenge’Former Brazilian president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva has addressed thousands of jubilant supporters outside a union headquarters a day after being released from prison.Dressed in a black blazer and T-shirt on Saturday, Lula spoke from a stage outside the union near São Paulo that he once led and that served as the base for his political career. Continue reading...
  • Supporters cheer Brazil's former president Lula as he is freed from jail – video

    Brazil’s former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva was greeted by overjoyed supporters as he was released from prison, where he was serving a 12-year corruption sentence, after a supreme court ruling.Lula was greeted on Friday by supporters wearing T-shirts emblazoned with his face and waving red flags outside the federal police HQ in the city of Curitiba, where he had been imprisoned for 580 days.Brazil’s former president Lula walks free from prison after supreme court rulin
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  • Brazil's former president Lula walks free from prison after supreme court ruling

    Workers’ party leader had been held for 580 days for corruptionCourt rules incarceration unlawful until appeals exhaustedBrazil’s former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva has been released from prison where he was serving a 12-year corruption sentence, after a supreme court ruling which delighted his supporters and infuriated followers of the far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro.Lula was greeted on Friday by delirious supporters outside the federal police headquarters in the
  • 'Death of a river': the ruinous design flaw in a vast Amazon rainforest dam

    Operator faces choice of weakening 14km barrier or potentially devastating a biodiversity hotspot The biggest hydroelectric project in the Amazon rainforest has a design flaw that poses a “very serious” threat to human life and globally important ecosystems, according to documents and expert testimony received by the Guardian.The new studies suggest engineers failed to anticipate the impact of water shortages on the Pimental dam at Belo Monte, which is forcing the operators to choose
  • Poorly planned Amazon dam project 'poses serious threat to life'

    Operator faces choice of weakening 14km barrier or potentially devastating a biodiversity hotspot The biggest hydroelectric project in the Amazon rainforest has a design flaw that poses a “very serious” threat to human life and globally important ecosystems, according to documents and expert testimony received by the Guardian.The studies suggest engineers failed to anticipate the impact of water shortages on the Pimental dam at Belo Monte, which has been closed and turned into a barr
  • Lula: former Brazil president could be freed from jail after court ruling

    Court says people, including former president convicted in Car Wash scandal, can’t be jailed until all appeals are exhausted Brazil’s supreme court has reached a narrow decision that could release almost 5,000 inmates who are still appealing their convictions, including jailed former president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.The court decided in a 6-5 vote on Thursday that a person can be imprisoned only after all appeals to higher courts have been exhausted. The tie-breaking vote
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  • Rightwing columnist smacks journalist Glenn Greenwald on Brazil radio show

    Greenwald has faced backlash from far right after series of articles damaging to Jair Bolsonaro’s governmentBrazil’s bitterly divided politics reached a new low on Thursday, when a rightwing columnist smacked the US journalist Glenn Greenwald in the face on a live radio program.Greenwald and Augusto Nunes are prominent figures on opposite ends of the political spectrum, but Thursday’s physical violence – which was being livestreamed – left Brazilians stunned. Relate
  • Oil spill threatens vast areas of mangroves and coral reefs in Brazil

    Pollution stretches across 2,400km of coastline, with scientists fearing contamination of food chain Hundreds of kilometres of mangroves and coral reefs, as well as humpback whale breeding grounds, are under threat from an oil spill that has polluted more than 2,400km of Brazil’s north-eastern coast in the last two months.The Brazilian Navy, which has deployed 8,500 personnel, 30 ships and 17 aircraft in the cleanup operation, said this week that 4,200 tonnes of oil have been removed from
  • Brazil's flat Earthers to get their day in the sun

    A first-ever conference in São Paulo will mark a high point for a theory that has thrived under the far-right President BolsonaroSiddhartha Chaibub’s suspicions that the Earth wasn’t really round were first aroused when he stumbled across a YouTube video while living in Brazil’s capital, Brasília.“I was always very sceptical about things,” said the 35-year-old freelance designer, who soon dived deep into the flat Earth universe: reading, watching video
  • Most countries' climate plans 'totally inadequate' – experts

    US and Brazil unlikely to meet Paris agreement pledges - while Russia has not even made oneThe world is on a path to climate disaster, with three-quarters of the commitments made by countries under the Paris agreement “totally inadequate”, according to a comprehensive expert analysis.Four nations produce half of all carbon emissions but the US has gone into reverse in tackling the climate emergency under Donald Trump while Russia has failed to make any commitment at all.(January 1, 1
  • Santos forward Marinho performs VAR celebration after scoring – video

    Santos' Marinho celebrated a long-range strike against Botafogo by imitating the referee making a VAR decision. The player could be seen miming the VAR signal, holding his hand to his ear, and pretending to listen through an earpiece before pointing to the centre circle to award the goal. The game finished 4-1 to SantosWatch more from the amazing world of sport series Continue reading...
  • Brazilian 'forest guardian' killed by illegal loggers in ambush

    Paulo Paulino Guajajara was killed by armed loggers in the Araribóia region in MaranhãoA Brazilian indigenous land defender has been killed in an ambush by illegal loggers in an Amazon frontier region.According to a statement by the Brazilian Indigenous Peoples Association, Paulo Paulino Guajajara was shot and killed inside the Araribóia indigenous territory in Maranhão state. Another tribesman, Laércio Guajajara, was also shot and hospitalised and a logger has
  • Brazil blames devastating oil spill on Greek-flagged tanker

    Ship carrying Venezuelan crude was only vessel in area at timeAttorney general’s office calls damage to coasts ‘immeasurable’A Greek-flagged ship carrying Venezuelan crude was the source of an oil spill which has tarred thousands of kilometers of coastline over the past two months, Brazilian investigators have announced.Police said the tanker appears to have spilled the crude about 700km (420 miles) off Brazil’s coast between 28 and 29 July, bound for Singapore with oil l
  • Brazilian president's son suggests using dictatorship-era tactics on leftist foes

    Eduardo Bolsonaro’s incendiary remarks prompted many across the political spectrum to condemn himVoices from across Brazil’s political spectrum have condemned the son of the far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, after he suggested hardline dictatorship-era tactics might be needed to crush his father’s leftist foes. Related: An explosion of protest, a howl of rage – but not a Latin American spring How did it began? Related: Bolsonaro's pledge to return Brazil to past alarms
  • WhatsApp fake news during Brazil election ‘favoured Bolsonaro’

    Analysis suggests vast majority of viral messages with false information were rightwingThe vast majority of false information shared on WhatsApp in Brazil during the presidential election favoured the far-right winner, Jair Bolsonaro, a Guardian analysis of data suggests.The analysis sheds light on the spread of misinformation on the Facebook-owned app, with fears it could be poisoning political debate in one of the largest democracies in the world.Up to 48% of the rightwing items containing ext
  • Bolsonaro attacks 'putrid' media over Marielle Franco murder claims

    Brazilian president seethes after investigation alleges suspects met at his compound before politician’s murderBrazil’s far-right president has launched a seething pre-dawn assault on the “putrid” and “immoral” media after a report by the country’s top broadcaster embroiled Jair Bolsonaro in investigations into the most notorious political assassination in its recent history. Related: Jair Bolsonaro pictured with second accused in Marielle Franco murder
  • Bolsonaro attacks 'putrid' media over Marielle Franco murder revelations

    Brazilian president seethes after investigation revealed suspects met at his compound before leftist politician’s murderBrazil’s far-right president has launched a seething pre-dawn assault on the “putrid” and “immoral” media after a report by the country’s top broadcaster embroiled Jair Bolsonaro in investigations into the most notorious political assassination in its recent history. Related: Jair Bolsonaro pictured with second accused in Marielle Franc
  • Bolsonaro says he's fighting corruption. So why is he surrounded by scandal? | David Miranda

    Brazil’s president and his family are subsumed by multiple corruption scandals suggesting serious criminalityThere is a towering paradox at the heart of Brazilian politics: the country’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, was elected on an anti-corruption platform – music to the ears of a population that has been victimised for decades by systemic corruption. Related: Who ordered Marielle Franco's murder? | David Miranda That Bolsonaro's eldest son allegedly has such close ti
  • Amazon rainforest 'close to irreversible tipping point'

    Forecast suggests rainforest could stop producing enough rain to sustain itself by 2021Soaring deforestation coupled with the destructive policies of Brazil’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, could push the Amazon rainforest dangerously to an irreversible “tipping point” within two years, a prominent economist has said.After this point the rainforest would stop producing enough rain to sustain itself and start slowly degrading into a drier savannah, releasing billions of to
  • Brazilian footballers protest oil spill with custom-made shirts and gloves – video report

    A football league match in Brazil was met with protests after an oil spill contaminated the country’s northeast coastline. Both sides demonstrated against the government’s lack of response to the damage. Bahia wore a jersey with several black marks across their red and blue strip, while Ceara wore black gloves during the national anthem. Many people have attempted to clean the beaches themselves, some using their bare hands. Nobody knows where the oil is from and why it keeps washing
  • 'We're an open wound': São Paulo's underground music scene

    Brazil has long had countercultural music, but Jair Bolsonaro’s repressive presidency has made this community more determined than ever‘When he got stabbed I just thought, we’re fucked. If he is alive, there is nothing we can do.” Brazilian journalist Amauri Gonzo is recalling the moment that he knew Jair Bolsonaro would be elected his country’s president. The stabbing of the far-right candidate seemed to confirm the picture of Brazil that Bolsonaro had been paintin
  • Brazilians rally to clean beaches amid outrage at Bolsonaro's oil spill inaction

    Mystery surrounds origin of pollution in north-eastPresident suggests ‘criminal act’ aims to scupper rights tenderOn Monday evening, Sport Club Bahia – one of the biggest football teams in Brazil’s north-east – faced its rivals Ceará with black oil stains on their red, white and blue shirts. It was the latest sign of the growing outrage over a mystery oil spill that since early September has blighted a 2,200km stretch of some of the country’s most beaut
  • White bellbird: listen to the world's loudest bird call – video

    A bird found in the Amazon has shattered the record for the loudest call, reaching the same volume as a pneumatic drill. The white bellbird, which lives in the mountains of the north-eastern Amazon, was recorded at 125 decibels (dB), three times louder than the next bird in the pecking order, the screaming piha Continue reading...
  • Fowl language: Amazonian bird's mating call noisiest in world

    White bellbird’s call reaches same volume as pneumatic drill during courtship ritualA bird in the Amazon has shattered the record for the loudest call to be recorded, reaching the same volume as a pneumatic drill.The white bellbird, which lives in the mountains of the north-eastern Amazon, was recorded at 125 decibels (dB), three times louder than the next bird in the pecking order, the screaming piha. Related: Squirrels listen to birds' chitchat to gauge if trouble's afoot – studyCo
  • Venezuela wins UN human rights council seat despite record of abuses

    Other seat for Latin America went to Brazil, whose far-right leader has expressed contempt for the concept of human rightsActivists have responded with outrage after Venezuela won a fiercely contested vote for a seat on the UN’s human rights council on Thursday, despite its well-documented record of human rights abuses.The 193-member world body elected 14 members to the 47-member council on Thursday for three-year terms starting in January, with Venezuela claiming one of the two seats allo
  • Black football managers join forces in Maracanã to condemn racism in Brazil

    Marcão and Roger, the only black managers in Série A, stood together to oppose the prejudice they see in Bolsonaro’s BrazilOccasionally football acts as a springboard for conversations that affect society as a whole. That happened in Brazil at the weekend. Before Fluminense hosted Bahia in the Maracanã, the two clubs’ managers embraced on the touchline wearing matching anti-racism T-shirts.Both men are black. It should not be remarkable to see two black managers
  • Oil contaminating Brazil's beaches 'very likely from Venezuela', minister says

    Government says foreign ship appears to have caused the spill, in accusation likely to further strain Brazilian-Venezuelan relationsThick crude oil that has stained hundreds of miles of pristine Brazilian beach in recent weeks probably originated in Venezuela, the Brazilian government has said, in an accusation likely to further strain relations between the two countries. Related: 'Chaos, chaos, chaos': a journey through Bolsonaro's Amazon infernoContinue reading...
  • Brazil’s uncontacted tribes face 'genocide' under Bolsonaro, experts warn

    Letter says groups are in danger amid Jair Bolsonaro’s efforts to overturn existing policies to protect indigenous peopleBrazil’s last uncontacted tribes face “genocide” thanks to Jair Bolsonaro’s efforts to overturn existing policies to protect the country’s indigenous people, a group of leading experts have warned in an open letter to the far-right president.The alert came after one of the country’s leading experts on isolated and recently-contacted in
  • Death and resurrection in the rainforest as bishops meet for Amazon summit

    Indigenous tribes see the Catholic church as a key ally in the ecological fight – and an unprecedented synod is focused on how to stop the destructionA hundred years ago the Harakmbut people were nearly wiped out.Inhabitants of a vast jungle region where Peru intersects with Brazil and Bolivia, the tribespeople were enslaved by rubber barons and murdered en masse, only surviving thanks to the help of Dominican missionaries. Related: 'Chaos, chaos, chaos': a journey through Bolsonaro's Amaz
  • Daily life of Amazonian Tembe tribes - in pictures

    Tembe warriors in Brazil wear colourful headdresses of macaw and other feathers, and wield bow and arrows to hunt and protect their homeland, which is constantly under threat in the globally vital Amazon region. Like their ancestors, the Tembe plant trees to teach their children the value of preserving the world’s largest rainforest, which is a critical bulwark against global warming Continue reading...
  • Jair Bolsonaro pictured with second accused in Marielle Franco murder case

    Photos of Brazil’s president with a suspect in the killing of a Rio councillor have emerged – seven months after a similar incidentBrazilian opposition figures and human rights observers are seething after a photo emerged of the country’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, grinning and giving the thumbs up alongside a man arrested in connection with the murder of the Rio de Janeiro city councillor Marielle Franco.It was the second time the president has been photographed alon
  • 'War for survival': Brazil’s Amazon tribes despair as land raids surge under Bolsonaro

    Activists say onslaught has intensified as illegal loggers and land-grabbers take the president’s verbal offensive against indigenous communities as a green light to actMore than 30 bullet holes told Awapu Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau a sinister tale.“Their message is that they’re going to finish us off, isn’t it?” the village chieftan said as he examined the pockmarked sign warning outsiders to stay off the giant Amazon reserve he calls home. Related: 'Chaos, chaos, chaos': a jo
  • EU imposes hen welfare standards on egg imports for first time

    Conditional trade agreement covers eggs from Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and UruguayA trade agreement to import produce into the European Union is set to be conditional upon animal welfare requirements for the first time.Eggs imported from Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay to member states will only be duty-free if the hens are kept in line with EU standards under the provisional terms of the new EU-Mercosur trade agreement.Provisionally agreed in June 2019 after some 20 years of negotiati
  • Bolsonaro tells students to read book by dictatorship-era torturer

    Brazil’s president accused of ‘drinking from the sewers of history’ by recommending The Suffocated TruthBrazil’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, has been accused of “drinking from the sewer of history” after urging teenage students to read a book by a notorious dictatorship-era torturer accused of directing interrogation sessions where victims were were whipped, given electric shocks and pounded with vine wood canes.Bolsonaro, an outspoken fan of the 1964
  • UN summit: Macron says US and Iran must resume nuclear talks – as it happened

    All the day’s news from the UN, as French president says ‘I am not naive and I don’t believe in miracles’ but urges end to sanctions 8.59pm BST We’re wrapping things up for the day, but there will still be major news updates on the site. A look back at a long day of speeches:8.25pm BST Macron references Trump’s speech and says he doesn’t think crises can be resolved by turning inward. “Contemporary capitalism is dysfunctional,” says Macron, b
  • UN summit: Trump says future belongs to patriots not globalists – live news

    Trump addresses UN and says ‘the United States does not seek conflict with any nation … America’s goal is harmony’ – follow the latest live6.05pm BST Israel’s prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, is facing a political crisis at home and had to cancel his UNGA appearance at the last minute.Netanyahu normally relishes his UN speeches, known for their theatrics and props, but he is fighting for this political life.Still, the 69-year-old right-leader clearly did n
  • Jair Bolsonaro says 'deceitful' media hyping Amazon wildfires

    In a combative UN address Bolsonaro denied – contrary to the evidence – that the world’s largest rainforest was being devastatedBrazil’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, has launched a cantankerous and conspiratorial defense of his environmental record, blaming Emmanuel Macron and the “deceitful” media for hyping this year’s fires in the Amazon.In a combative 30-minute address to the UN general assembly, Bolsonaro denied – contrary to the evide
  • Bolsonaro touts 'new Brazil' in address to UN – live news

    Brazil’s president attacks socialism in Latin America and says freedom only possible with a free market – follow the latest live 3.01pm BST Now, Bolsonaro is speaking about the Amazon. He is effectively saying the forest needs to be open for business.To make this case, Bolsonaro cites conversations he’s had with indigenous leaders. The Amazon is not being devastated, nor is it being consumed by fire, as the media says 2.48pm BST Jair Bolsonaro opens his first UN general assembl
  • Brazilian indigenous leaders denounce Bolsonaro before UN speech

    Open letter decries ‘colonialist and ethnocidal policies’President expected to attack left and foreign critics in New YorkIndigenous leaders in Brazil have denounced Jair Bolsonaro’s “colonialist and ethnocidal” policies as the far-right populist headed to New York to defend his treatment of the Amazon and its inhabitants.Bolsonaro is set to make the opening speech at the UN general assembly on Tuesday morning after a wretched few weeks for Brazil’s internatio
  • Bolsonaro targets the Catholic church over its 'leftist agenda' on the Amazon

    Gathering at the Vatican has triggered a political storm in Brazil as bishop denies undermining the government The Prayer of Saint Francis welcomes worshipers to Adolfo Zon’s riverside cathedral in this far-flung Amazon outpost: “Lord, make me an instrument of your peace.”But when the 63-year-old bishop sets off from his Amazonian sanctuary this week and boards a plane for Rome, he will be travelling to the frontline of a smouldering political skirmish between a left-leaning, g
  • Brazilians blame Rio governor's shoot-to-kill policy for death of girl, 8

    Hundreds protest over murder of Ágatha Félix who was shot in back by police bullet in Rio favelaThe photo shows a smiling eight-year-old girl dressed as Wonder Woman, beaming through gap teeth and crossing her small clenched fists into an X. Shocked Brazilians shared the image of Ágatha Félix online after she was shot in the back in a Rio de Janeiro favela on Friday night by what residents said was a bullet from a police officer’s rifle. She later died in hospit
  • Brazilians blame Rio governor's shoot-to-kill policy for death of girl

    Hundreds protest over favela killing of Ágatha Félix, eight, allegedly shot in back by policeThe photograph shows a smiling eight-year-old girl dressed as Wonder Woman, beaming through gap teeth and crossing her small clenched fists into an X. Shocked Brazilians shared the image of Ágatha Félix online after she was shot in the back in a Rio de Janeiro favela on Friday night by what residents said was a bullet from a police officer’s rifle. She later died in hosp
  • For authoritarians, stifling the arts is of a piece with demonising minorities | Elif Shafak

    As well as misogyny and homophobia, censorship is now a weapon for the popular rightEarly this month, Brazil’s leading literary event, the Bienal do Livro Rio, found itself at the centre of the country’s culture wars when a comic book was ordered to be confiscated by the authorities. The book in question was Avengers: The Children’s Crusade, which in one scene showed two fully-clothed men kissing. The gay kiss so upset Rio’s mayor, Marcelo Crivella, who once called homose
  • History of free African strongholds fires Brazilian resistance to Bolsonaro

    Quilombo dos Palmares – founded by Africans who escaped slavery – maintained its independence for 100 years and has become a touchstone for a new generationA palm-fringed ridge rises above the plains of Alagoas in north-east Brazil. Just a few replica thatched huts and a wall of wooden stakes now stand at its summit, but this was once the capital of the Quilombo dos Palmares – a sprawling, powerful nation of Africans who escaped slavery, and their descendants who held out here
  • Austria rejects EU-Mercosur trade deal over Amazon fires

    Concerns about threats to farming sector also featured in Austrian parliament debateThe future of the trade deal between the EU and South America’s Mercosur bloc has been further thrown into doubt as Austria is expected to veto the pact over concerns about Amazon fires and threats to the national farming sector.Lawmakers on the Austrian parliament’s EU subcommittee on Wednesday almost unanimously voted to reject the draft free trade agreement, thus obliging their government to veto t
  • Leading burger supplier sourced from Amazon farmer guilty of deforestation

    Brazilian meat company supplying McDonald’s and Burger King bought cattle from farm using deforested land earlier this year, investigation showsThe world’s biggest supplier of burgers sourced meat from a farmer in the Amazon who had been found guilty of using deforested land, say reports, even as new figures reveal the beef industry’s deforestation risks.Marfrig, a Brazilian meat company that has supplied McDonald’s, Burger King and other fast-food chains around the world
  • Leading burger supplier sourced from Amazon farmer using deforested land

    Brazilian meat company which has supplied McDonald’s and Burger King bought cattle from farm using deforested land earlier this year, investigation showsThe world’s biggest supplier of burgers sourced meat from a farmer in the Amazon who had been found guilty of using deforested land, say reports, even as new figures reveal the beef industry’s deforestation risks.Marfrig, a Brazilian meat company that has supplied McDonald’s, Burger King and other fast-food chains around
  • Amazon deforestation is driven by criminal networks, report finds

    Criminals threaten and attack government officials, forest defenders and indigenous people, Human Rights Watch findsDeforestation in the Brazilian Amazon is a lucrative business largely driven by criminal networks that threaten and attack government officials, forest defenders and indigenous people who try to stop them, according to a new report by Human Rights Watch.Rainforest Mafias concludes that Brazil’s failure to police these gangs threatens its abilities to meet its commitments unde

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