• Oil contaminating Brazil's beaches 'very likely from Venezuela', minister says

    Government says foreign ship appears to have caused the spill, in accusation likely to further strain Brazilian-Venezuelan relationsThick crude oil that has stained hundreds of miles of pristine Brazilian beach in recent weeks probably originated in Venezuela, the Brazilian government has said, in an accusation likely to further strain relations between the two countries. Related: 'Chaos, chaos, chaos': a journey through Bolsonaro's Amazon infernoContinue reading...
  • Brazil’s uncontacted tribes face 'genocide' under Bolsonaro, experts warn

    Letter says groups are in danger amid Jair Bolsonaro’s efforts to overturn existing policies to protect indigenous peopleBrazil’s last uncontacted tribes face “genocide” thanks to Jair Bolsonaro’s efforts to overturn existing policies to protect the country’s indigenous people, a group of leading experts have warned in an open letter to the far-right president.The alert came after one of the country’s leading experts on isolated and recently-contacted in
  • Death and resurrection in the rainforest as bishops meet for Amazon summit

    Indigenous tribes see the Catholic church as a key ally in the ecological fight – and an unprecedented synod is focused on how to stop the destructionA hundred years ago the Harakmbut people were nearly wiped out.Inhabitants of a vast jungle region where Peru intersects with Brazil and Bolivia, the tribespeople were enslaved by rubber barons and murdered en masse, only surviving thanks to the help of Dominican missionaries. Related: 'Chaos, chaos, chaos': a journey through Bolsonaro's Amaz
  • Daily life of Amazonian Tembe tribes - in pictures

    Tembe warriors in Brazil wear colourful headdresses of macaw and other feathers, and wield bow and arrows to hunt and protect their homeland, which is constantly under threat in the globally vital Amazon region. Like their ancestors, the Tembe plant trees to teach their children the value of preserving the world’s largest rainforest, which is a critical bulwark against global warming Continue reading...
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  • Jair Bolsonaro pictured with second accused in Marielle Franco murder case

    Photos of Brazil’s president with a suspect in the killing of a Rio councillor have emerged – seven months after a similar incidentBrazilian opposition figures and human rights observers are seething after a photo emerged of the country’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, grinning and giving the thumbs up alongside a man arrested in connection with the murder of the Rio de Janeiro city councillor Marielle Franco.It was the second time the president has been photographed alon
  • 'War for survival': Brazil’s Amazon tribes despair as land raids surge under Bolsonaro

    Activists say onslaught has intensified as illegal loggers and land-grabbers take the president’s verbal offensive against indigenous communities as a green light to actMore than 30 bullet holes told Awapu Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau a sinister tale.“Their message is that they’re going to finish us off, isn’t it?” the village chieftan said as he examined the pockmarked sign warning outsiders to stay off the giant Amazon reserve he calls home. Related: 'Chaos, chaos, chaos': a jo
  • EU imposes hen welfare standards on egg imports for first time

    Conditional trade agreement covers eggs from Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and UruguayA trade agreement to import produce into the European Union is set to be conditional upon animal welfare requirements for the first time.Eggs imported from Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay to member states will only be duty-free if the hens are kept in line with EU standards under the provisional terms of the new EU-Mercosur trade agreement.Provisionally agreed in June 2019 after some 20 years of negotiati
  • Bolsonaro tells students to read book by dictatorship-era torturer

    Brazil’s president accused of ‘drinking from the sewers of history’ by recommending The Suffocated TruthBrazil’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, has been accused of “drinking from the sewer of history” after urging teenage students to read a book by a notorious dictatorship-era torturer accused of directing interrogation sessions where victims were were whipped, given electric shocks and pounded with vine wood canes.Bolsonaro, an outspoken fan of the 1964
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  • UN summit: Macron says US and Iran must resume nuclear talks – as it happened

    All the day’s news from the UN, as French president says ‘I am not naive and I don’t believe in miracles’ but urges end to sanctions 8.59pm BST We’re wrapping things up for the day, but there will still be major news updates on the site. A look back at a long day of speeches:8.25pm BST Macron references Trump’s speech and says he doesn’t think crises can be resolved by turning inward. “Contemporary capitalism is dysfunctional,” says Macron, b
  • UN summit: Trump says future belongs to patriots not globalists – live news

    Trump addresses UN and says ‘the United States does not seek conflict with any nation … America’s goal is harmony’ – follow the latest live6.05pm BST Israel’s prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, is facing a political crisis at home and had to cancel his UNGA appearance at the last minute.Netanyahu normally relishes his UN speeches, known for their theatrics and props, but he is fighting for this political life.Still, the 69-year-old right-leader clearly did n
  • Jair Bolsonaro says 'deceitful' media hyping Amazon wildfires

    In a combative UN address Bolsonaro denied – contrary to the evidence – that the world’s largest rainforest was being devastatedBrazil’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, has launched a cantankerous and conspiratorial defense of his environmental record, blaming Emmanuel Macron and the “deceitful” media for hyping this year’s fires in the Amazon.In a combative 30-minute address to the UN general assembly, Bolsonaro denied – contrary to the evide
  • Bolsonaro touts 'new Brazil' in address to UN – live news

    Brazil’s president attacks socialism in Latin America and says freedom only possible with a free market – follow the latest live 3.01pm BST Now, Bolsonaro is speaking about the Amazon. He is effectively saying the forest needs to be open for business.To make this case, Bolsonaro cites conversations he’s had with indigenous leaders. The Amazon is not being devastated, nor is it being consumed by fire, as the media says 2.48pm BST Jair Bolsonaro opens his first UN general assembl
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  • Brazilian indigenous leaders denounce Bolsonaro before UN speech

    Open letter decries ‘colonialist and ethnocidal policies’President expected to attack left and foreign critics in New YorkIndigenous leaders in Brazil have denounced Jair Bolsonaro’s “colonialist and ethnocidal” policies as the far-right populist headed to New York to defend his treatment of the Amazon and its inhabitants.Bolsonaro is set to make the opening speech at the UN general assembly on Tuesday morning after a wretched few weeks for Brazil’s internatio
  • Bolsonaro targets the Catholic church over its 'leftist agenda' on the Amazon

    Gathering at the Vatican has triggered a political storm in Brazil as bishop denies undermining the government The Prayer of Saint Francis welcomes worshipers to Adolfo Zon’s riverside cathedral in this far-flung Amazon outpost: “Lord, make me an instrument of your peace.”But when the 63-year-old bishop sets off from his Amazonian sanctuary this week and boards a plane for Rome, he will be travelling to the frontline of a smouldering political skirmish between a left-leaning, g
  • Brazilians blame Rio governor's shoot-to-kill policy for death of girl, 8

    Hundreds protest over murder of Ágatha Félix who was shot in back by police bullet in Rio favelaThe photo shows a smiling eight-year-old girl dressed as Wonder Woman, beaming through gap teeth and crossing her small clenched fists into an X. Shocked Brazilians shared the image of Ágatha Félix online after she was shot in the back in a Rio de Janeiro favela on Friday night by what residents said was a bullet from a police officer’s rifle. She later died in hospit
  • Brazilians blame Rio governor's shoot-to-kill policy for death of girl

    Hundreds protest over favela killing of Ágatha Félix, eight, allegedly shot in back by policeThe photograph shows a smiling eight-year-old girl dressed as Wonder Woman, beaming through gap teeth and crossing her small clenched fists into an X. Shocked Brazilians shared the image of Ágatha Félix online after she was shot in the back in a Rio de Janeiro favela on Friday night by what residents said was a bullet from a police officer’s rifle. She later died in hosp
  • For authoritarians, stifling the arts is of a piece with demonising minorities | Elif Shafak

    As well as misogyny and homophobia, censorship is now a weapon for the popular rightEarly this month, Brazil’s leading literary event, the Bienal do Livro Rio, found itself at the centre of the country’s culture wars when a comic book was ordered to be confiscated by the authorities. The book in question was Avengers: The Children’s Crusade, which in one scene showed two fully-clothed men kissing. The gay kiss so upset Rio’s mayor, Marcelo Crivella, who once called homose
  • History of free African strongholds fires Brazilian resistance to Bolsonaro

    Quilombo dos Palmares – founded by Africans who escaped slavery – maintained its independence for 100 years and has become a touchstone for a new generationA palm-fringed ridge rises above the plains of Alagoas in north-east Brazil. Just a few replica thatched huts and a wall of wooden stakes now stand at its summit, but this was once the capital of the Quilombo dos Palmares – a sprawling, powerful nation of Africans who escaped slavery, and their descendants who held out here
  • Austria rejects EU-Mercosur trade deal over Amazon fires

    Concerns about threats to farming sector also featured in Austrian parliament debateThe future of the trade deal between the EU and South America’s Mercosur bloc has been further thrown into doubt as Austria is expected to veto the pact over concerns about Amazon fires and threats to the national farming sector.Lawmakers on the Austrian parliament’s EU subcommittee on Wednesday almost unanimously voted to reject the draft free trade agreement, thus obliging their government to veto t
  • Leading burger supplier sourced from Amazon farmer guilty of deforestation

    Brazilian meat company supplying McDonald’s and Burger King bought cattle from farm using deforested land earlier this year, investigation showsThe world’s biggest supplier of burgers sourced meat from a farmer in the Amazon who had been found guilty of using deforested land, say reports, even as new figures reveal the beef industry’s deforestation risks.Marfrig, a Brazilian meat company that has supplied McDonald’s, Burger King and other fast-food chains around the world
  • Leading burger supplier sourced from Amazon farmer using deforested land

    Brazilian meat company which has supplied McDonald’s and Burger King bought cattle from farm using deforested land earlier this year, investigation showsThe world’s biggest supplier of burgers sourced meat from a farmer in the Amazon who had been found guilty of using deforested land, say reports, even as new figures reveal the beef industry’s deforestation risks.Marfrig, a Brazilian meat company that has supplied McDonald’s, Burger King and other fast-food chains around
  • Amazon deforestation is driven by criminal networks, report finds

    Criminals threaten and attack government officials, forest defenders and indigenous people, Human Rights Watch findsDeforestation in the Brazilian Amazon is a lucrative business largely driven by criminal networks that threaten and attack government officials, forest defenders and indigenous people who try to stop them, according to a new report by Human Rights Watch.Rainforest Mafias concludes that Brazil’s failure to police these gangs threatens its abilities to meet its commitments unde
  • 'Caught defenseless in the crossfire': Rio families cope with deaths by police violence

    Rio de Janeiro police have killed a record number of people in the name of Wilson Witzel’s war on drugs, and many say it’s civilian lives being lostNight has fallen on Rio de Janeiro’s Albert Schweitzer hospital, and in its 11th-floor intensive care unit Enzo Coutinho dozes in his aunt’s lap.“Sometimes it takes a mountain to trust and believe in you,” Merielle Ventura, a 24-year-old nursery teacher, sings gently into her nephew’s ear. Related: Rio govern
  • Brazil environment minister to meet US climate denier group before UN summit

    Ricardo Salles to meet Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI)Critics say Bolsonaro lacks commitment to fight climate crisisBrazil’s environment minister, Ricardo Salles, will meet a rightwing US advocacy group that denies climate change, just four days before the United Nations Climate Action Summit.Salles will meet representatives from the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI) at the headquarters of the US Environmental Protection Agency on 19 September, Brazil’s Folha de S Paulo n
  • A 2,000km journey through the Amazon rainforest - podcast

    Tom Phillips describes his recent Amazon trip and examines the impact of the new era of wrecking ushered in by Brazil’s president, Jair Bolsonaro. Also, Rhik Samadder on coping with depression when your job involves trying to amuse peopleAfter Brazil’s unusually severe Amazon burning season sparked an international outcry last month, Jair Bolsonaro’s far-right government has launched a global PR campaign to try to convince the world everything is under control. With deforestati
  • Paraguay may deploy troops after Brazilian gangster escapes in shootout

    President’s announcement prompts concerns for civil liberties in a country which only emerged from military rule in 1989Mario Abdo Benítez has announced plans to amend Paraguay’s constitution to allow the military a greater role in the battle against increasingly brazen and powerful Brazilian crime gangs.But Paraguay’s president’s announcement on Thursday prompted concerns for civil liberties in a country which only emerged from military rule in 1989 – and sk
  • Deforestation damage goes far beyond the Amazon

    West Africa and Congo basin are hotspots for forest loss but receive lower global attentionWorld losing forest the size of UK each year, report findsThe burning of the Amazon has caused alarm around the world, from the Vatican to the G7, and there are fears that unless the fires are stopped swiftly the forests could reach a point of no return in the loss of wildlife and biodiversity. Related: Sign up to the Green Light email to get the planet's most important storiesRelated: World losing area of
  • Outcry as Bolsonaro's son questions value of democracy in Brazil

    Carlos Bolsonaro accused of ‘flirting with coup-mongering’President is an admirer of Brazil’s former military dictatorshipThe rumbustious son of Brazil’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, has come under heavy fire from across the political spectrum after claiming rapid political change was unachievable “through democratic means”. Related: Brazil: tortured dissidents appalled by Bolsonaro's praise for dictatorshipContinue reading...
  • Brazil report charts surge in racial abuse and violence against women

    A total of 66,041 incidents of sexual violence were reported in 2018 against the polarising backdrop of Jair Bolsonaro’s election victoryBrazil saw an alarming rise in racial abuse, sexual assault, femicide and violence against women and LGBT people in 2018, according to new figures released on Tuesday.The data illustrates a country which became more bigoted and more polarised against the backdrop of last year’s incendiary election campaign and the increase in inflammatory rhetoric b
  • Amazon cowboys: rodeo culture rides high in Brazil – in pictures

    Along a forest road in the small town of Monte Negro in Rondônia state, just south of the Amazon basin, cowboys from the area’s vast cattle ranches display their talent at a rodeo. In recent years, Monte Negro has expanded as a key cattle town with a strong cowboy culture Continue reading...
  • Ban Marvel's gay kiss? You might as well ban the Sistine Chapel

    The mayor of Rio de Janeiro’s attempts to censor an Avengers comic isn’t just bigoted. It ignores the fact that Christian artists pioneered same-sex snoggingHe may be an evangelical bishop, but you do have to wonder how much Christian art the mayor of Rio de Janeiro has seen. Marcelo Crivella ordered an Avengers comic book to be removed from a book festival, because it featured two men kissing – a move that triggered a dramatic response from Brazil’s biggest newspaper, Fo
  • Marvel artist calls for LGBTQ solidarity in Brazil after gay kiss row

    Jim Cheung says ‘LGBTQ community is here to stay’ after Rio de Janiero mayor attempts to seize copies of Avengers: The Children’s CrusadeThe artist of an Avengers comic targeted by the mayor of Rio de Janeiro for featuring a gay kiss has called on the people of Brazil to focus on “ways to unite, rather than help sow the seeds of conflict and division”. Related: Brazil paper publishes gay kiss illustration in censorship rowTeddy & Billy (2019) . It was with great
  • 'Chaos, chaos, chaos': a journey through Bolsonaro's Amazon inferno

    A 2,000km road and river odyssey in Brazil reveals consensus from all sides: Bolsonaro has ushered in a new age of wreckingFrom afar it resembles a tornado: an immense grey column shooting thousands of feet upwards from the forest canopy into the Amazonian skies.Up close it is an inferno: a raging conflagration obliterating yet another stretch of the world’s greatest rainforest as a herd of Nelore cattle looks on in bewilderment. Related: Bolsonaro backers wage war on the rainforestRelated
  • Brazil paper publishes gay kiss illustration in censorship row

    Folha de S.Paulo aims dig at evangelical Rio mayor after he tried to ban a Marvel comicBrazil’s biggest newspaper has printed an illustration from a Marvel comic of two men kissing on its front page to attack an attempt at censorship by the evangelical mayor of Rio de Janeiro.Marcelo Crivella attempted to ban copies of the graphic novel Avengers: The Children’s Crusade from appearing at a book fair on the grounds that it included content unsuitable for children. Related: The populist
  • Bolsonaro launches ‘Brazil week’ in bid to 'revamp' image over Amazon fires

    President urged citizens to hit the streets and show ‘the Amazon is ours’ amid sinking ratings and vilification over the AmazonBrazil’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, has urged citizens to clad themselves in the country’s yellow and green colours and hit the streets as part of a populist push designed to shore up support amid sinking ratings and international vilification over the Amazon.Bolsonaro made the appeal ahead of Saturday’s annual 7 September independ
  • Amazon fires are 'true apocalypse', says Brazilian archbishop

    Erwin Kräutler says he expects next month’s papal synod to denounce destruction of rainforestThe fires in the Amazon are a “true apocalypse”, according to a Brazilian archbishop who expects next month’s papal synod at the Vatican to strongly denounce the destruction of the rainforest.The comments by Erwin Kräutler will put fresh pressure on Brazilian president, Jair Bolsonaro, following criticism from G7 leaders last month over the surge of deforestation in the
  • Bolsonaro taunts UN rights chief over her father's torture by Pinochet regime

    Brazilian president said without the dictator ‘Chile would be a Cuba today’ after Michelle Bachelet criticized rising police killingsJair Bolsonaro has taunted Michelle Bachelet, the UN high commissioner for human rights, over the Chilean dictatorship that tortured her and her parents, after she criticised rising police killings and a “shrinking” space for democracy in Brazil.“She is defending the human rights of vagabonds,” the Brazilian president told report
  • Bolsonaro taunts UN rights chief over her family's torture by Pinochet regime

    Brazilian president said without the dictator ‘Chile would be a Cuba today’ after Michelle Bachelet criticized rising police killingsJair Bolsonaro has taunted Michelle Bachelet, the UN high commissioner for human rights, over the Chilean dictatorship that tortured her and her parents, after she criticised rising police killings and a “shrinking” space for democracy in Brazil.“She is defending the human rights of vagabonds,” the Brazilian president told report
  • Which is the world's vainest city?

    Is it a plastic surgery centre such as Seoul or Rio de Janeiro, or a hotbed of selfie-takers such as Manhattan?With his penchant for posting topless photos of himself to his 181 million Instagram followers, Cristiano Ronaldo is pretty notorious for his vanity. (“Yes bro! Your body is ripped,” wrote one fan on a photo of the footballer meditating in the bath). “You used to see Ronaldo standing in front of the mirror loving himself,” said the former Manchester United manage
  • Video of black teen whipped for stealing chocolate sparks outrage in Brazil

    Footage of gagged child prompts comparisons to treatment of black people during three centuries of slaveryNaked and whimpering, his trousers around his ankles, the black teenage boy jerks and howls with pain as he is whipped with electric cable.“Are you going to come back?” asks one of his tormentors. The youth shakes his head, unable to speak because he has been gagged. Related: Brazil grapples with lynch mob epidemic: 'A good criminal is a dead criminal'Continue reading...
  • Sewage, Zika virus – and the team in Brazil mapping disease hotspots | Dom Phillips

    Volunteers in Salvador’s favelas are collecting data on deadly infections and inequality to help campaign for better sanitationWearing crisp, white T-shirts and carrying tablets, the students fan out through Marechal Rondon – a bustling favela spread over hillsides and a valley in Brazil’s north-eastern city of Salvador. As they walk, they map blocked drains and piles of rubbish on their tablets. These are the “infection points” that attract the rats and mosquitoes
  • We, the peoples of the Amazon, are full of fear. Soon you will be too | Raoni Metuktire

    You destroy our lands, poison the planet and sow death, because you are lost. And soon it will be too late to change• Raoni Metuktire is chief of the indigenous Brazilian Kayapó peopleFor many years we, the indigenous leaders and peoples of the Amazon, have been warning you, our brothers who have brought so much damage to our forests. What you are doing will change the whole world and will destroy our home – and it will destroy your home too. Related: Amazon fires: what is happ
  • How Trump’s trade wars are fueling the Amazon fires | Art Cullen

    Brazil is now the top exporter of soybeans to China – and that is leading to the rainforest being burned down at an extraordinary rate
    The so-called “lungs of the world” are belching smoke as farmers set out after 10 August in a “day of fires” to clear forest for grazing cattle and planting soybeans. The result was more than 10,000 new fires spreading in the Brazilian rainforest, kindled by drought that drives wildfires raging from Russia to Africa.Brazilian defores
  • Do the Brazil Amazon fires justify environmental interventionism? | Lawrence Douglas

    All the reasons that support the project of humanitarian intervention apply with equal, if not greater force, in the case of the environmentThe horrific destruction of the Amazon rainforest under Brazil’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, raises a pressing question for the world community: do the prerogatives of sovereignty entitle a nation to destroy resources within its territorial control, when this destruction has global environmental consequences? The answer delivered by France&rsq
  • Corporations pile pressure on Brazil over Amazon fires

    Asset managers, pension funds and companies halt deals and stop buying bondsFinancial pressure is growing on Brazil over fires in the Amazon and the far-right president’s belligerent response to them.Asset managers, pension funds and companies have issued warnings, halted deals and stopped purchases of government bonds. Related: Amazon fires 'extraordinarily concerning', warns UN biodiversity chiefContinue reading...
  • Climate, green energy and the Amazon fires | Letters

    Ian Duncan responds to letter on energy targets, Carol Blumenthal defends activists, Wendy Mulville recalls her experiences about air conditioning in Texas, Joseph Nicholas on the apocalypse, Michael Cook on forests, and world-class athletes step upThe letter on Wednesday (Clearer green energy targets are needed, 28 August) was quite right in recognising the UK’s lofty ambitions to become one of the cleanest and most innovative energy systems in the world on our path to becoming a net-zero
  • Brazil: fears for isolated Amazon tribes as fires erupt on protected reserves

    Blazes seen on Araribóia reserve, home to Awá people
    Campaigners say indigenous territories easy targets for loggersFires have been reported in protected indigenous reserves of the Brazilian Amazon, raising fears that loggers and land grabbers have targeted these remote areas during the dramatic surge in blazes across the world’s biggest rainforest.Blazes have been seen on the Araribóia indigenous reserve in Maranhão state – a heavily deforested reserve on
  • Burning issue: how fashion's love of leather is fuelling the fires in the Amazon

    Beef and soya aren’t the sole culprits – our demand for shoes, belts and handbags is driving rainforest destruction. It’s time for consumers to wake upThe level of destruction is almost impossible to fathom. About 41,000 fires have been recorded by scientists in the Brazilian Amazon since January, with more than half of those in the past three weeks – hence the apocalyptic headlines. Every minute, the equivalent of a football field and a half of the so-called lungs of the
  • Amazon's indigenous warriors take on invading loggers and ranchers

    Under threat from fire, deforestation and Bolsonaro, Xikrin people take matters into own hands Threatened by fire, deforestation and invasion, the Xikrin people of the northern Amazon are fighting back.While the authorities stand idle and the Brazilian president, Jair Bolsonaro, tries to undermine their territorial rights, the indigenous community have taken matters into their own hands by expelling the loggers and ranchers who illegally occupied their land and set fire to the forest. Related: M
  • Why have 500 million bees died in Brazil in the past three months? | Thor Hanson

    The likely culprit of the sudden deaths? The loosening of pesticide restrictionsWhile thousands of fires roar and crackle through the Amazon rainforest, Brazil faces a quieter tragedy playing out in farm country: the silence of empty hives. Earlier this year, beekeepers reported losing over 500 million honeybees in only three months. The speed and scale of the die-offs recall Colony Collapse Disorder, a malady that began decimating bees across North America and Europe in 2006. But the symptoms a

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