- Elderly people who were uprooted from damaged or destroyed homes and who lost touch with their neighbors after the 2011 tsunami in Japan were more likely to experience increased symptoms of dementia than those who were able to stay in their homes, according to a new study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. The study was the first to look at dementia as a potential health risk in the aftermath of a disaster.
- Scientists have long known that chronic exposure to psychosocial stress early in life can lead to an increased vulnerability later in life to diseases linked to immune dysfunction and chronic inflammation, including arthritis, asthma, cancer, diabetes, heart disease and even mental illness. But the molecular mechanisms underlying the negative effects of early exposure to stress are unknown.
- A new study suggests that someday, taking a pill to prevent the accumulation of toxic molecules in the brain will prevent or delay Alzheimer’s disease.
Experts believe people at risk for Alzheimer’s disease may be treated in a similar manner to the way in which high cholesterol is currently controlled. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and dementia are each influenced by an abnormal amount of proteins in the brain.
The new research suggests medication can keep the proteins low. Th
- Emerging research suggests that Latinos may be more anxious than Caucasian patients about having surgery. They also want more detailed information before having a procedure, say University of California – Irvine investigators.The new study is important because preoperative anxiety, which affects about 80 percent of adult patients, can negatively affect recovery and pain.
The research, presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2016 annual meeting, suggests anxiety may be an even bigger problem a
- Hundreds of unaccompanied child asylum seekers are being taken to Britain, moved from a camp in Calais, northern France, as its closure begins. There were 387 unaccompanied minors in the French refugee camp known as "the Jungle" with links to the UK and they are arriving in England in groups of 70.
- As more and more lesbian and gay adults adopt children, controversies continue regarding comparative parenting skills and the impact on the children.
- New research finds that while teens use smartphones for a wide variety of tasks, they are not enough to help teens maintain weight loss.
Investigators from Brigham Young University led a 24-week behavioral study that combined traditional weight control intervention with smartphone-assisted aid. They found that while teens lost weight initially, they could not maintain it when smartphones were the only tool helping them stay on track.
“We know that teens are on their phones, which give
- New research finds that the more time children spend using digital devices, the less likely they are to finish their homework, complete other tasks, or display interest in learning new things. Moreover, the more digital media time, the more difficult it is for kids to remain calm when challenged.
Although the finding is not a surprise to most parents, the research provides detail on the direct relationship between time on digital media — be it watching TV, using computers, playing vid
- The risk of developing a psychotic disorder such as schizophrenia is highest for young people, men, ethnic minorities and people living in urban areas and poorer neighbourhoods, finds a new study by UCL and the University of Cambridge.
- Millions of people take opioids for chronic back pain, but new research shows that many of them get limited relief while experiencing side effects. They also worry about the stigma associated with taking the painkillers.
More than 100 million people in the United States suffer from chronic pain, and those with chronic low back pain are more likely than patients with other types of pain to be prescribed opioids. Unfortunately, these medications are addictive and can cause side effects, ranging fr
- While it’s well-known that adverse childhood experiences carry over into adult life, a new study focuses on the effects of these experiences during the childhood years.
For the study, presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics 2016 National Conference & Exhibition, researchers conducted a systematic literature review to identify some of the clinical signs that can be used to recognize children at risk after experiencing trauma. They examined 39 cohort studies to determine the effe
- While it is well-known that being overweight or obese is bad for your health, new research shows that the painful social stigma that often accompanies these conditions can make the health risks far worse. In fact, targets of weight discrimination have doubled the risk of high allostatic load — the overall “wear and tear” of the body due to chronic stress.
The findings, published in the journal Annals of Behavioral Medicine, expose flaws in society’s approach to weigh
- New guidelines released by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) suggest that parents of young children limit digital media use to high quality programs that emphasize education or family connection. Parents should also avoid using digital media as a soothing tool, so that children can learn how to regulate their emotions on their own.
“We have to be realistic about the ubiquity of digital media use. It is becoming ingrained in our culture and daily life. For this reason, it is even mor
- A 30-minute kip works for pilots and footballers, and it’ll do wonders for you, too, says sleep guru Nick LittlehalesThe power of the nap cannot be ignored. A study by the University of Düsseldorf has shown that even very short naps enhance memory processing, while a Nasa study, looking at their effects on pilots on long flights, reported: “Naps can maintain or improve subsequent performance, physiological and subjective alertness, and mood.” One of the authors of that rep
- Assess these pieces of writing and get insights into your own personality tooHow good are you at reading other people’s personality from their writing? The answer gives you clues to your own personality. Read the following pieces of writing and decide whether the author scores high or low for neuroticism (ie, is he or she a worrier?)“I love cross country. I ran throughout school, doing cross country and track and field, but cross country is where my passion is. I love getting a runne
- Long-standing concussion guidelines discourage young athletes from returning to the game if they display any signs of concussion after an injury. A new study, however, shows that athletes between the ages of seven and 18 often return to play on the same day.
Researcher Shane M. Miller, M.D., FAAP, a pediatric sports medicine specialist at Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children in Plano, Texas, noticed that a significant number of his patients had reported returning to play after experiencing
- In an effort to curb the obesity epidemic, governments and public health institutions have attempted to discourage the “supersizing” of food portions by advocating portion limits and health warnings. But these efforts have been met with resistance and little success from both consumers and food marketers.
Now a new study shows that people can be encouraged to choose smaller, healthier portions without sacrificing enjoyment. The researchers found that when people concentrate on the mu
- What parents share on social media about their children presents new and often unanticipated risks, according to new research.
Researchers, who presented the study at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2016 National Conference & Exhibition, encouraged pediatricians to provide parents with healthy rules of thumb about online disclosures related to their children.
The amount of information online is staggering, with previous research showing that 92 percent of two year-olds in the United
- New research shows that children born to one or both parents with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder are more likely to suffer mental health problems by the age of seven.
Presented at the International Early Psychosis Association (IEPA) meeting in Milan, Italy, in October 2016, the Danish High Risk and Resilience Study — VIA 7 — included 522 children who were seven at the start of the study.
Of the children, 202 were born to at least one person diagnosed with schizophrenia (locat
- Source: Yahoo News - HealthPakistan's top court has ruled that schizophrenia does not fall within its legal definition of mental disorders, clearing the way for the execution, as soon as next week, of a mentally ill man convicted of murder. Government doctors in 2012 certified Imdad Ali, 50, as being a paranoid schizophrenic, after he was convicted and sentenced to death for the 2001 murder of a cleric.
- Source: Social Psychology Network NewsConventional medical wisdom has long held that placebo effects depend on patients' belief they are getting pharmacologically active medication. A paper published in the journal Pain is the first to demonstrate that patients who knowingly took a placebo in conjunction with traditional treatment for lower back pain saw more improvement than those given traditional treatment alone.
- Source: U.S. News and World ReportSuicide rates in the U.S. continue to rise, and working-age adults – particularly men – make up the largest increase, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Middle-aged men in the 45 to 60 range experienced a 43 percent increase in suicide deaths from 1997 to 2014, and the rise has been even sharper since 2005.
- Source: Medical News TodayRegular exercise has been found to improve overall thinking skills and cardiovascular capacity in people with vascular cognitive impairment.
- Source: MSNBC - US NewsSixty U.S. cities earned perfect scores on a nationwide ranking of protections for LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer) people, despite an array of anti-gay efforts by state governments, the Human Rights Campaign said on Monday.
- Source: BBC News - Top HeadlinesA state in Australia has launched an education program designed to smash gender stereotypes and tackle the root causes of domestic violence. The "respectful relationship" curriculum will be mandatory in all schools in Victoria from next year. Students will explore issues around social inequality, gender-based violence and male privilege.
Study adds to evidence that high strength cannabis is associated with an increased risk of becoming dependentNew data presented at this year's International Early Psychosis Association (IEPA) meeting in Milan, Italy (20-22 October) adds to accumulating evidence that high-potency cannabis in associated with an increased risk of users becoming dependent on cannabis. The analysis is by Dr Tom Freeman at University College London, UK.
- Source: CBS News - HealthwatchDoctors report some mental health patients spend days waiting for a hospital bed.
- Source: USA Today - World Newshe British government said it will pardon thousands of gay and bisexual men who were convicted decades ago under homophobic laws.
- Before a public talk, if I remember to stand up straight and broaden my chest, I feel more confidentAs you may have heard, and pardon the mixed metaphor, psychologists are up in arms about putting your hands on your hips. I’m talking about “power poses”, the simple physical gestures that, according to a TED talk by the Harvard academic Amy Cuddy, can transform your life. Before a job interview, adopt a pose like Wonder Woman – feet apart, hands on hips, shoulders back &nd
- New research discovers the abuse of prescription drugs by college students can play a role in negative sexual events such as sexual assault and regretted sex.In prior studies researchers found that heavy alcohol use — by the victim and/or perpetrator — is a factor in more than half of sexual assaults on college campuses.In the new research, Kathleen Parks, Ph.D., studied the effects of nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) by college students. NMUPD is defined as the use of a
- Emerging research suggests there is hope when you find yourself working for a company that has a corporate culture or values that do not mesh with your personal ideals.The issue is important for both employers and employees as an employee misfit is often associated with poor productivity impacting employer expectations and resulting in low work moral — damaging employee health.Researchers discovered finding meaning outside of work and proactively tailoring duties on the job may help people
- You know things are getting serious when a poker player slides their sunglasses on to stop their eyes giving the game away.
- In an investigation published in the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics the harm of sexual abuse in Swiss adolescents is analyzed. Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) comprises activities with actual physical contact (e.g. rape, unwanted touching) and without physical contact (e.g. exhibitionism, exposure to pornography, verbal sexual harassment, distribution of intimate pictures against one's will). Research has shown that CSA is a persistent public health
- New research discovers compelling evidence that symptoms associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder often persist into adulthood.
In the study, investigators found that sixty percent of children with ADHD demonstrated persistence of symptoms into their mid-20’s, and 41 percent had both symptoms and impairment as young adults.
Experts have often disagreed on the rate of ADHD persistence into adulthood. The variation in opinion is believed to stem from ‘how information is
- In the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics a study analyzes the effects of internet-based cognitive behavior therapy for social anxiety. Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one of the most common mental disorders in Western countries. Even though the prevalence in in China is much lower (0.2%), it translates into an enormous number of people (approx. 200 million adult people) in need for treatment of mental disorders. Internet interventions might be an easily accessible and cost-effec
- Do we behave better online if we think someone is watching?
- Surprising new research finds that frequent viewing of selfies through social network sites is linked to a decrease in self-esteem and life satisfaction.Intriguingly, posting selfies is not related to a similar issue.
“Most of the research done on social network sites looks at the motivation for posting and liking content, but we’re now starting to look at the effect of viewing behavior, a Ruoxu Wang, a Penn State graduate student in mass communications.
Viewing behavior or &ldq
Parents with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia more likely to have children with mental health issuesNew research presented at this year's International Early Psychosis Association (IEPA) meeting in Milan, Italy (20-22 October) shows that children born to one or both parents with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder are more likely to suffer mental health problems by age 7 years. The study is by Assistant Professor Anne Thorup and Professor Merete Nordentoft, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty Health and Medical Science, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, and colleagues.
- High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is a time-efficient exercise strategy that allows people to squeeze their workouts into short periods of intense anaerobic exercise, separated by less-intense recovery periods.
These shorter workouts are an especially attractive option for those who want the benefits of exercise but are short on time. Still, there is the concern that many people may shy away from such strenuous exercise, believing it to be too uncomfortable or difficult.
In a new study, pu
- New research questions whether there is a link between adolescent suicide highly publicized on social media with an increase in emergency departments visits by teens for suicidal thoughts and attempts.
Abuse of alcohol and illicit drugs is associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia in later lifeNew research published at this year's International Early Psychosis Association (IEPA) meeting in Milan, Italy (October 20-22), shows that alcohol, cannabis and other illicit drugs can greatly increase the risk of developing schizophrenia in later life. The study is by Dr Stine Mai Nielsen and Professor Merete Nordentoft, Copenhagen University Hospital, Mental Health Center Copenhagen, Gentofte, Denmark, and colleagues.
- A special session at this year's International Early Psychosis Association (IEPA) meeting in Milan, Italy (20-22 October) will focus on the huge expansion of early intervention services for people with psychosis across the USA. The progress will be detailed by Dr Robert Heinssen, Director of the Division of Services and Intervention Research at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), Bethesda, MD, USA.
- (HealthDay)—Adults who suffered childhood abuse may be at increased risk for bipolar disorder, researchers report.
- Following the stabbing death of Dr. Jeroen Ensink, a new father in London who was killed by a mentally ill man who had walked free after attacking a police officer with a knife days earlier, experts are calling for change. They note that the dangerousness of a small but volatile subset of psychiatric patients is not taken seriously enough.
- Can having good feelings be good for your health? A new study by U of T Mississauga researcher Jennifer Stellar is investigating the effects that positive emotions might have on our physical well-being.
- For many people, the prospect of aging is scary and uncomfortable, but Florida State University Assistant Professor Dawn Carr says that research reveals a few tips that can improve our chances of a long, healthy life.
- Research long has shown that socioeconomic status has much to do with how healthy we are, but a study from the University of Michigan reveals that not all races and genders are equally insulated from certain health conditions, even when income and education levels are higher.
- Emerging research suggests binge-eating disorder (BED) may be associated with a variety of other illnesses.
Specifically, investigators discovered the disorder is often linked to disturbances related to the endocrine and circulatory systems.
Researchers discovered individuals with BED had a 2.5-times increased risk of also having an endocrine disorder and a 1.9-times increased risk of having a circulatory system disorder.
Among individuals with BED, those who were also obese had a 1.5-times incr
- A new paper discusses how the death of a pet helps children begin to understand the realities of life within their home environment.
Given the relatively short lifespans of many pets, it’s not unusual for children to witness the death of pets. But “how children understand death in these moments, and the ideas, feelings and responses they have when their pets die are largely ignored topics,” said Joshua J. Russell, Ph.D.
In his research Russell, an assistant professor of an
- About one in 14 people around the world are affected by anxiety disorders at any given time.Those who suffer from these conditions experience impairment, disability, and are at a high risk for substance abuse and suicide. In spite of these considerable risks, research on anxiety is lagging far behind that of other common mental health problems – and many people affected don't even know they have this condition.
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